Jul 1, 1976

Aggregation of antihistamines in aqueous solution: effect of counterions on self-association of pyridine derivatives

Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
D Attwood, O K Udeala


The effects of electrolytes on the self-association of the antihistaminic drugs, tripelennamine hydrochloride, thenyldiamine hydrochloride, pyrilamine maleate, pheniramine maleate, chlorpheniramine maleate, and brompheniramine maleate, in aqueous solution were examined by light-scattering from tripelennamine bydrochloride and thenyldiamine hydrochloride in 0.154 mole of sodium chloride/kg and 0.150 mole of sodium maleate/kg indicated a micellar pattern of aggregation. Higher aggregation numbers and lower CMC's were determined in the presence of the maleate ion. No significant discontinuity in the concentration dependence of the light scattering of the remaining compounds in either of the two electrolytes was evident, and the aggregation of these compounds was treated using a stepwise association model. Values of the association constants and the limiting number of associating species were, in general, increased by the addition of electrolyte in the order water less than sodium chloride less than sodium maleate. An apparently nonmicellar pattern of aggregation could be induced by chemically changing the counterion from chloride to maleate.

Mentioned in this Paper

Chlorpheniramine Maleate
Tripelennamine Hydrochloride
Hydatidiform Mole

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.