PMID: 7941663Jan 1, 1994Paper

Air trapping and cardiopulmonary exercise testing in patients with mild to moderate bronchial obstruction: clinical role of trapped gas measurements

Zeitschrift für Kardiologie
K WassermannH H Hilger


In 14 patients with obstructive airways disease (7 atopic asthmatics, 7 COPD pts with stable disease, FEV1 < 65% pred., 11 m, 3 f, age 50.9 +/- 17.2 y) the effect of a beta mimetic agent on physical performance was studied. Inhalation of 2.5 ml normal saline (P) or salbutamol 0.1% (S) in double-blind random order on 2 successive days. Spirometry, body-plethysmography, single-breath helium dilution at rest. Spiroergometry with incremental workload to tolerance. The volume of trapped gas (D) was derived from: TLC Body-TLC Helium Single Breath. Base line values revealed mild to moderate airways obstruction (FEV1 2.04 +/- 0.81 L, FEV1/VC 60.2 +/- 8.5%). Subsequent to inhaling S FEV1 increased significant by 20% to 2.38 +/- 0.87 L. There was a concomitant substantial improvement of VC (3.37 +/- 1.09 L to 3.60 +/- 0.93 L). Rs declined sign. (2.37 +/- 1.43 to 1.69 +/- 0.8 kPa*s), and so did D (1.15 +/- 0.73 L to 0.55 +/- 0.89 L = -20% from base line). Despite clear-cut bronchodilation exercise performance did not improve in response to S (114.6 +/- 49.3 vs 112.5 +/- 50.0 Watt max, ns). Base line max. VO2 (19.78 +/- 6.36 ml/min/kg) and VO2 at anaerobic threshold (13.29 +/- 3.21 ml/min/kg) suggested only minimal impairment of physical p...Continue Reading

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