May 30, 2020

Akt and Src mediate the photocrosslinked fibroin-induced neural differentiation

Anastasia M MoysenovichMikhail M Moisenovich


Neural transplantation is a promising modality for treatment of neurodegenerative diseases, traumatic brain injury and stroke. Biocompatible scaffolds with optimized properties improve the survival of transplanted neural cells and differentiation of progenitor cells into the desired types of neurons. Silk fibroin is a biocompatible material for tissue engineering. Here, we describe thin-film scaffolds based on photocrosslinked methacrylated silk fibroin (FBMA). These scaffolds exhibit an increased mechanical stiffness and improved water stability. Photocrosslinking of fibroin increased its rigidity from 25 to 480 kPa and the contact angle from 59.7 to 70.8, the properties important for differentiation of neural cells. Differentiation of SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells on FBMA increased the length of neurites as well as the levels of neural differentiation markers MAP2 and βIII-tubulin. Growth of SH-SY5Y cells on the unmodified fibroin and FBMA substrates led to a spontaneous phosphorylation of Src and Akt protein kinases critical for neuronal differentiation; this effect was paralleled by neural cell adhesion molecule elevation. Thus, FBMA is an easily manufactured, cytocompatible material with improved and sustainable properties a...Continue Reading

  • References20
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Neuron Differentiation
Cell Differentiation Process
AKT3 protein, human
Transplantation of Nerve
Neural Cell Differentiation
Tubulin Folding
Mtap2 protein, mouse

Related Feeds

Adhesion Molecules in Health and Disease

Cell adhesion molecules are a subset of cell adhesion proteins located on the cell surface involved in binding with other cells or with the extracellular matrix in the process called cell adhesion. In essence, cell adhesion molecules help cells stick to each other and to their surroundings. Cell adhesion is a crucial component in maintaining tissue structure and function. Discover the latest research on adhesion molecule and their role in health and disease here.

Adult Stem Cells

Adult stem cells reside in unique niches that provide vital cues for their survival, self-renewal, and differentiation. They hold great promise for use in tissue repair and regeneration as a novel therapeutic strategies. Here is the latest research.

Brain Injury & Trauma

brain injury after impact to the head is due to both immediate mechanical effects and delayed responses of neural tissues.