Apr 7, 2010

Akt1 genetic deficiency limits hypothermia cardioprotection following murine cardiac arrest

American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
David G BeiserTerry Vanden Hoek

Abstract

Therapeutic hypothermia (TH) cardioprotection has recently been associated with increased Akt signaling in a rat model of cardiac arrest. However, it is not known whether Akt is required for this beneficial effect of TH. We used a mouse model of cardiac arrest demonstrating TH cardioprotection to study the response of mice deficient in an Akt1 allele. We hypothesized that Akt1 mediates TH cardioprotection and that decreases in Akt1 content would diminish such protection. Adult C57BL/6 wild-type (WT) mice underwent an 8-min cardiac arrest. After 6 min, the mice were randomized to normothermia (WT(NT), 37 degrees C) or TH (WT(TH), 30 degrees C). Following cardiopulmonary resuscitation and the return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC), the animals were hemodynamically monitored for 240 min (R240). At R240, cardiac tissue Akt content and phosphorylation were assayed. Studies were repeated in Akt1 heterozygous (Akt1(+/-)) mice. As a result, baseline characteristics and ROSC rates were equivalent across groups. At R240, WT(TH) mice exhibited lower heart rate, larger stroke volume, and higher cardiac output than WT(NT) animals (P < 0.05). Cardioprotection in WT(TH) at R240 was associated with increased cardiac Akt phosphorylation at Se...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

RAC-Alpha Serine/Threonine Kinase
C57BL/6 Mouse
Murine
Protein Phosphorylation
Protein kinase B gamma
Animal Diseases
Cardiac Volume
Cerebrovascular Accident
Malnutrition
Stroke Volume

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