Nov 18, 2019

Alcohol drinking exacerbates neural and behavioral pathology in the 3xTg-AD mouse model of Alzheimer's disease

International Review of Neurobiology
Jessica L HoffmanClyde W Hodge

Abstract

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disorder that represents the most common cause of dementia in the United States. Although the link between alcohol use and AD has been studied, preclinical research has potential to elucidate neurobiological mechanisms that underlie this interaction. This study was designed to test the hypothesis that nondependent alcohol drinking exacerbates the onset and magnitude of AD-like neural and behavioral pathology. We first evaluated the impact of voluntary 24-h, two-bottle choice home-cage alcohol drinking on the prefrontal cortex and amygdala neuroproteome in C57BL/6J mice and found a striking association between alcohol drinking and AD-like pathology. Bioinformatics identified the AD-associated proteins MAPT (Tau), amyloid beta precursor protein (APP), and presenilin-1 (PSEN-1) as the main modulators of alcohol-sensitive protein networks that included AD-related proteins that regulate energy metabolism (ATP5D, HK1, AK1, PGAM1, CKB), cytoskeletal development (BASP1, CAP1, DPYSL2 [CRMP2], ALDOA, TUBA1A, CFL2, ACTG1), cellular/oxidative stress (HSPA5, HSPA8, ENO1, ENO2), and DNA regulation (PURA, YWHAZ). To address the impact of alcohol drinking on AD, studies were conducted...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations1

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations1

Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Biological Markers
Spatial Memory
Study
Biochemical Pathway
Research
Laboratory Procedures
AKT1
Prefrontal Cortex
C57BL/6 Mouse
Regulation of Biological Process

Related Feeds

Amygdala and Midbrain Dopamine

The midbrain dopamine system is widely studied for its involvement in emotional and motivational behavior. Some of these neurons receive information from the amygdala and project throughout the cortex. When the circuit and transmission of dopamine is disrupted symptoms may present. Here is the latest research on the amygdala and midbrain dopamine.

Alzheimer's Disease: Animal models

Alzheimer's disease is a chronic neurodegenerative disease which can be studied using various experimental systems. This feed focuses on animal models used for Alzheimer's disease research.

Alzheimer's Disease: Tau & TDP-43

Alzheimer's disease is a chronic neurodegenerative disease. This feed focuses on the underlying role of Tau proteins and TAR DNA-binding protein 43, as well as other genetic factors, in Alzheimer's.

Astrocytes and Neurodegeneration

Astrocytes are important for the health and function of the central nervous system. When these cells stop functioning properly, either through gain of function or loss of homeostatic controls, neurodegenerative diseases can occur. Here is the latest research on astrocytes and neurodegeneration.

Alzheimer's Disease: APP

Amyloid precursor protein proteolysis is critical for the development of Alzheimer's disease, a neurodegenerative disease associated with accumulation of amyloid plaques. Here is the latest research.

Alzheimer's Disease: Abeta

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease associated with accumulation of amyloid plaques, which are comprised of amyloid beta. Here is the latest research in this field.

Amygdala: Sensory Processes

Amygdalae, nuclei clusters located in the temporal lobe of the brain, play a role in memory, emotional responses, and decision-making. Here is the latest research on sensory processes in the amygdala.