Dec 19, 2007

Alkali-metal-induced enhancement of hydrogen adsorption in C60 fullerene: an ab Initio study

Nano Letters
K R S Chandrakumar, Swapan K Ghosh

Abstract

It is demonstrated that the doping of alkali metal atoms on fullerene, C60, remarkably enhances the molecular hydrogen adsorption capacity of fullerenes, which is higher than that of conventionally known other fullerene complexes. This effect is observed to be more pronounced for sodium than lithium atom. The formation of stable complex forms of a sodium-doped fullerene molecule, Na8C60, and the corresponding hydrogenated species, [Na(H2)6]8C60, with 48 hydrogen molecules has been demonstrated to lead to a hydrogen adsorption density of approximately 9.5 wt %. One of the main factors favoring the interactions involved is attributed to the pronounced charge transfer from the sodium atom to the C60 molecule and electrostatic interaction between the ion and the dihydrogen. The suitability of these complexes for developing fullerene-based hydrogen storage materials is discussed.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Buckminsterfullerene
Complex (molecular entity)
Fullerene C60
Lithium Measurement
Fullerenes
Adsorption
FAVOR
Lithium antipsychotics
Lithium

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