Alkaline phosphatase of basal lateral and brush border plasma membranes from intestinal epithelium

Journal of Supramolecular Structure
S D HannaE M Wright

Abstract

The alkaline phosphatase present on isolated brush border and basal lateral membranes of rat duodenal epithelium were examined by means of a variety of biochemical assays and physical methods. The two alkaline phosphatases have similar pH optima of 9.6--9.8, similar substrate km's for p-nitrophenyl phosphate (PNPP) of 71 micromolar, similar responses to the inhibitors 2-mercaptoethanol, theophylline, phenylalanine, and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA), similar sensitivities to calcium, magnesium, zinc, sodium, and potassium, and similar insensitivities to digestion with trypsin of papain. The two enzymes also exhibit similar molecular weights on SDS-polyacrylamide gels in the range 124,000--150,000, and both enzymes show an Rf value of 0.092 on Triton X-100 polyacrylamide gels, indicating similar intrinsic charges. The Vmax of the brush border enzyme is ten times greater than that of the basal lateral enzyme, 140 mumoles/mg-h as opposed to 14 mumoles/mg-h. The differences in Vmax are a reflection of the known distribution of alkaline phosphatase in rat duodenum, there being more alkaline phosphatase activity present on the brush border than on the basal lateral surface. One other major difference was observed between the ...Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Cations, Divalent
Calcium [EPC]
Tissue Membrane
Duodenal Epithelium
Magnesium Measurement
Microvilli
Polyacrylamide Gels
Enzymes, antithrombotic
Calcium
2-Mercaptoethanol

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