All-cause and cause-specific mortality among men released from state prison, 1980-2005

American Journal of Public Health
David L RosenDavid A Wohl


We compared mortality of ex-prisoners and other state residents to identify unmet health care needs among former prisoners. We linked North Carolina prison records with state death records for 1980 to 2005 to estimate the number of overall and cause-specific deaths among male ex-prisoners aged 20 to 69 years and used standardized mortality ratios (SMRs) to compare these observed deaths with the number of expected deaths had they experienced the same age-, race-, and cause-specific death rates as other state residents. All-cause mortality among White (SMR = 2.08; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.04, 2.13) and Black (SMR = 1.03; 95% CI = 1.01, 1.05) ex-prisoners was greater than for other male NC residents. Ex-prisoners' deaths from homicide, accidents, substance use, HIV, liver disease, and liver cancer were greater than the expected number of deaths estimated using death rates among other NC residents. Deaths from cardiovascular disease, lung cancer, respiratory diseases, and diabetes were at least 30% greater than expected for White ex-prisoners, but less than expected for Black ex-prisoners. Ex-prisoners experienced more deaths than would have been expected among other NC residents. Excess deaths from injuries and medical con...Continue Reading


Jan 1, 1995·Journal of Health and Social Behavior·B G Link, J Phelan
Nov 1, 1994·Diabetes Care·M I Harris, D C Robbins
Jan 1, 1996·Annual Review of Public Health·J W Cornish, C P O'Brien
Dec 7, 2002·Journal of Urban Health : Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine·Claire E SterkKirk W Elifson
Jan 22, 2003·Addiction·Sheila M Bird, Sharon J Hutchinson
May 2, 2003·American Journal of Public Health·Ronald L Braithwaite, Kimberly R J Arriola
Oct 13, 2006·Psychiatric Services : a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association·Brian J MillerDale P Svendsen
Nov 8, 2006·Revue D'épidémiologie Et De Santé Publique·G Cano-SerralUNKNOWN COMPARA Group
Dec 13, 2006·International Journal of Epidemiology·A KariminiaM G Law
Jan 12, 2007·The New England Journal of Medicine·Ingrid A BinswangerThomas D Koepsell
Apr 24, 2007·Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry·James H SatterfieldLouis D Homer
Sep 1, 2012·Journal of Criminal Justice·Nancy WolffBrooke E Schumann

❮ Previous
Next ❯


Apr 16, 2010·Journal of Urban Health : Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine·Amy J HarzkeMichael F Kelley
Aug 3, 2011·Journal of Urban Health : Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine·Stephen MetrauxDennis P Culhane
Sep 15, 2011·Journal of Urban Health : Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine·Ingrid A BinswangerLeroi S Hicks
Jan 18, 2011·American Journal of Epidemiology·Anne C SpauldingN Kyle Steenland
Jul 22, 2011·AIDS Research and Treatment·Jaimie P MeyerSandra A Springer
Nov 6, 2013·BMC Emergency Medicine·Joseph W FrankPeter D Friedmann
Jul 6, 2011·BMC Public Health·Carmelo G A NobileItalo F Angelillo
Apr 6, 2012·BMC Public Health·Jessica Y Andrews, Stuart A Kinner
Jul 11, 2009·Harm Reduction Journal·Carmen E Albizu-GarcíaJosé F Rodríguez-Orengo
Oct 20, 2012·American Journal of Public Health·Jakov Zlodre, Seena Fazel
Jan 19, 2013·American Journal of Public Health·Evelyn J Patterson
Aug 17, 2011·Clinical Infectious Diseases : an Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America·Sandra A SpringerFrederick L Altice
Jan 1, 2013·International Journal of Prisoner Health·Olga MorozovaFrederick L Altice
Jan 1, 2011·International Journal of Prisoner Health·Nat WrightAicha Salhi
Mar 8, 2014·Journal of Religion and Health·Frank S Pezzella, Sophia Vlahos
Jan 18, 2011·American Journal of Epidemiology·Christopher Wildeman
Mar 29, 2013·AIDS and Behavior·Michael S GordonJosiah D Rich
Sep 18, 2013·Women's Health Issues : Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health·Christopher WildemanMegan Comfort
Sep 29, 2012·Social Science Research·Christopher Wildeman
Feb 8, 2011·Drug and Alcohol Dependence·Ingrid A BinswangerMarc F Stern
Mar 18, 2009·Preventive Medicine·Amy J HarzkeSandi L Pruitt
Jul 31, 2013·Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health·Kate van DoorenSimon Forsyth
Jun 29, 2010·Addiction·Elizabeth L C MerrallSheila M Bird
Apr 11, 2013·Academic Emergency Medicine : Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine·Jaimie P MeyerFrederick L Altice
May 24, 2012·Hepatology : Official Journal of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases·Monika SarkarUNKNOWN Women's Interagency HIV Study (WIHS)
Jul 14, 2010·Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health·Kristy A Martire, Sarah Larney
Oct 22, 2013·Journal of Advanced Nursing·Cyril EshareturiVictoria Galbraith
Oct 14, 2009·American Journal of Infection Control·Titilayo C AbionaPatricia E Sloan
Feb 14, 2015·European Journal of Public Health·Lesley GrahamKevin Greig
Jul 21, 2015·The Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care : JANAC·Alexis C DennisCarol E Golin
Dec 17, 2014·Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health·Lawrence C McCandlessJulian M Somers
Jul 1, 2015·Neurology. Clinical Practice·Eryn LonnquistHal Wortzel
Jul 2, 2014·Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology·Nita Sodhi-BerryDavid B Preen
May 14, 2014·Substance Abuse : Official Publication of the Association for Medical Education and Research in Substance Abuse·Traci C GreenJosiah D Rich
May 15, 2016·Contemporary Clinical Trials·Ryan D McDonaldJoshua D Lee

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.


Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.


Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.