PMID: 42640Dec 1, 1979

Allantoate transport in Saccharomyces cerevisiae

Journal of Bacteriology
V Turoscy, T G Cooper

Abstract

Allantoate uptake appears to be mediated by an energy-dependent active transport system with an apparent Michaelis constant of about 50 microM. Cells were able to accumulate allantoate to greater than 3,000 times the extracellular concentration. The rate of accumulation was maximum at pH 5.7 to 5.8. The energy source for allantoate uptake is probably different from that for uptake of the other allantoin pathway intermediates. The latter systems are inhibited by arsenate, fluoride, dinitrophenol, and carboxyl cyanide-m-chlorophenyl hydrazone, whereas allantoate accumulation was sensitive to only dinitrophenol and carboxyl cyanide-m-chlorophenyl hydrazone. Efflux of preloaded allanotate did not occur at detectable levels. However, exchange of intra- and extracellular allantoate was found to occur very slowly. The latter two characteristics are shared with the allantoin uptake system and may result from the sequestering of intracellular allantoate within the cell vacuole. During the course of these studies, we found that, contrary to earlier reports, the reaction catalyzed by allantoinase is freely reversible.

Related Concepts

Herpecin-L
Amidohydrolases
Carbonyl Cyanide m-Chlorophenyl Hydrazone
Depression, Chemical
Dinitrophenols
Energy Metabolism
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Carmol

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Synthetic Genetic Array Analysis

Synthetic genetic arrays allow the systematic examination of genetic interactions. Here is the latest research focusing on synthetic genetic arrays and their analyses.

Neural Activity: Imaging

Imaging of neural activity in vivo has developed rapidly recently with the advancement of fluorescence microscopy, including new applications using miniaturized microscopes (miniscopes). This feed follows the progress in this growing field.

Computational Methods for Protein Structures

Computational methods employing machine learning algorithms are powerful tools that can be used to predict the effect of mutations on protein structure. This is important in neurodegenerative disorders, where some mutations can cause the formation of toxic protein aggregations. This feed follows the latests insights into the relationships between mutation and protein structure leading to better understanding of disease.

Congenital Hyperinsulinism

Congenital hyperinsulinism is caused by genetic mutations resulting in excess insulin secretion from beta cells of the pancreas. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Epigenetic Memory

Epigenetic memory refers to the heritable genetic changes that are not explained by the DNA sequence. Find the latest research on epigenetic memory here.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Femoral Neoplasms

Femoral Neoplasms are bone tumors that arise in the femur. Discover the latest research on femoral neoplasms here.