Nov 1, 1989

Allogeneic mixed lymphocyte reactions during a second round of ontogeny: normal accessory cells did not restore defective interleukin-2 (IL-2) synthesis in T cells but induced responsiveness to exogeneous IL-2

S CayeuxB Dörken


The T-cell-accessory-cell interaction in mixed lymphocyte cultures was investigated in 25 patients following autologous bone marrow transplantation (ABMT) using autologous bone marrow treated in vitro with the cyclophosphamide derivative ASTA Z 7557. In a previous study using the same group of patients, T cells failed to synthesize interleukin-2 (IL-2) and proliferate in response to CD3- and CD2-mediated stimuli even in the presence of exogenous IL-2. To investigate whether this defect in IL-2 synthesis and proliferation was caused by defective cell-to-cell interactions, we analyzed mixed lymphocyte reactions (MLR) using T cells and irradiated non-T cells. When normal T cells from 10 different healthy subjects were challenged with allogeneic normal non-T cells, IL-2 production and proliferation were observed. In contrast, when normal T cells were cultured with non-T cells derived from patients found between 20 and 330 days after ABMT, no IL-2 secretion and no proliferative responses could be seen. The addition of lymphokines such as interleukin-1 (IL-1), interleukin-3 (IL-3), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF), and interferon-gamma (IFN-y) did not improve the reactions. Furthe...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Human Class I Antigens
Tumor Necrosis Factor-alpha
IL3 gene
Antigen-Presenting Cells
Granulocyte-Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor

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