alpha 1- and alpha 2-Adrenoceptor-mediated pressor and chronotropic effects in the rat and rabbit
Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology
J C McGrathC E McKean
In pithed rats or rabbits the pressor effects of catecholamines or sympathetic nerve stimulation can be reduced by "selective" antagonists of alpha 1- (prazosin) or alpha 2 (rauwolscine) adrenoceptors. In rabbits the pressor response to low and high doses of intravenous noradrenaline were due predominantly to alpha 2- and alpha 1-adrenoceptors, respectively. With low frequencies of vasopressor nerve stimulation, the response could be blocked by each antagonist, suggesting either that both receptors were involved or that the receptors were unlike those activated by circulating noradrenaline. With higher frequencies, prazosin reduced responses but left a residual response which could not be eliminated by rauwolscine; this could indicate a "non-alpha" junctional activation; rauwolscine, on its own, could increase responses to high frequencies indicating blockade of prejunctional alpha-mediated feedback. In rats, acid-base balance was critical for the activation of alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenoceptors. The effects of the antagonists indicated that adrenaline acts predominantly through alpha 1-adrenoceptors at high pH, but that the influence of alpha 2 increased as pH falls. Also, as pH fell, the pressor effects of phenylephrine and x...Continue Reading
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