PMID: 3001400Nov 4, 1985Paper

Alpha-adrenoceptors in the myocardium: incidence and functional significance

Klinische Wochenschrift
A Mügge

Abstract

Alpha-adrenoceptors mediating positive inotropic effects are well established in the heart of various species including human heart. The mechanism by which alpha-adrenoceptor stimulation increases force of contraction is not known. cAMP is unlikely to be involved as a mediator. Evidence has been presented that an increase in magnitude and duration of the slow Ca++ inward current may be partly responsible for the positive inotropic effect. In addition, stimulation of alpha-adrenoceptors may increase Ca++ sensitivity of the contractile proteins. Stimulation of alpha-adrenoceptors by endogenous catecholamines may serve as a reserve mechanism under various conditions of impaired beta-adrenergic influence, e.g. hypothyroidism, bradycardia or ischemia. Furthermore, alpha-adrenoceptors may be involved in the genesis of reperfusion arrhythmias in ischemic heart.

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