Mar 17, 2020

Alpha-synuclein differentially reduces surface expression of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors in the aging human brain

Neurobiology of Aging
Weiwei YangShun Yu

Abstract

The aging brain is associated with reduced cell surface expression of N-methyl-d-aspartate receptors (NMDARs), but the mechanism remains poorly understood. In the present study, we showed that in the striatum and hippocampus but not the cerebellum and parietal cortex, levels of α-synuclein monomers and oligomers increased with age, which correlated negatively with the expression of GluN1, and positively with the expression of total Rab5B. The oligomer-α-synuclein exhibited a stronger correlation with the expression of surface GluN1 and total Rab5B. In MES23.5 cells, the monomer- or oligomer-α-synuclein were shown to increase in a manner dependent on the concentrations of the added monomers and oligomers. Again, the oligomer-α-synuclein showed more potent effects than the monomer-α-synuclein on surface GluN1 and total Rab5B expression. Accordingly, the oligomer-treated cells showed a greater reduction in NMDA-evoked Ca2+ influx than the monomer-treated cells, which was largely inhibited by pistop2, a clathrin inhibitor. These results suggest that the age-dependent accumulation of α-synuclein monomers and oligomers differentially contributes to the reduction in surface NMDAR expression in selective brain regions.

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Mentioned in this Paper

GRIN1
PGE1 oligomer
Aging
Ketamine
Hippocampus (Brain)
RAB5B
Receptors, Ionotropic Glutamate
Cell Surface
Brain
Monomer

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