Alpha-tocopheryl acetate is absorbed and hydrolyzed by Caco-2 cells comparative studies with alpha-tocopherol

Chemistry and Physics of Lipids
Lydie BrissonEl Hassan Ajandouz


Caco-2 cells were used as a model for investigating and comparing the absorption of alpha-tocopherol (Tol) and alpha-tocopheryl acetate (Tac) solubilized in micelles based on a mixture of sodium taurocholate (NaTC) and oleic acid. Surprisingly, the uptake of Tac was found to be similar to that of Tol, and in both cases, the dose-response plots suggest that protein-mediated transport processes were involved. Moreover Tol or Tac were also secreted into the basolateral medium of Caco-2 cells but Tac was mainly hydrolyzed either prior to absorption or intracellularly. The solubilization of Tol or Tac by NaTC on the apical side of the cell monolayer is a prerequisite for the uptake process, although larger amounts of the bile salt are necessary to solubilize Tac than Tol. Caco-2 cells showed hydrolytic activity on Tac, and additional cholesterol esterase may be taken up by the cells, thus increasing the rates of intracellular hydrolysis of Tac. Based on our findings, a scheme is suggested accounting for the absorption of alpha-tocopheryl acetate by enterocytes.


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Mar 30, 2006·Journal of Lipid Research·Kamran AnwarM Mahmood Hussain
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