Oct 29, 2018

Altered BOLD signal variation in Alzheimer's disease and frontotemporal dementia

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Timo Tuovinen

Abstract

Recently discovered glymphatic brain clearance mechanisms utilizing physiological pulsations have been shown to fail at removing waste materials such as amyloid and tau plaques in neurodegenerative diseases. Since cardiovascular pulsations are a main driving force of the clearance, this research investigates if commonly available blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signals at 1.5 and 3 T could detect abnormal physiological pulsations in neurodegenerative diseases. Coefficient of variation in BOLD signal (CVBOLD) was used to estimate contribution of physiological signals in Alzheimer's disease (AD) and behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). 17 AD patients and 18 bvFTD patients were compared to 24 control subjects imaged with a 1.5 T setup from a local institute. AD results were further verified with 3 T data from the Alzheimer's disease neuroimaging initiative (ADNI) repository with 30 AD patients and 40 matched controls. Effect of motion and gray matter atrophy was evaluated and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses was performed. The CVBOLD was higher in both AD and bvFTD groups compared to controls (p < 0.0005). The difference was not explained by head motion or gray matter atrophy. In AD patients, th...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Establishment and Maintenance of Localization
Research
Periventricular White Matter
APP protein, human
Entire Frontal Pole
Brain
Institution
Nerve Degeneration
Gray Matter
Alzheimer's Disease

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