Altered inorganic composition of dental enamel and dentin in primary teeth from girls with Turner syndrome

European Journal of Oral Sciences
Sara RizellTed Lundgren

Abstract

In Turner syndrome (TS) one X-chromosome is missing or defective. The amelogenin gene, located on the X-chromosome, plays a key role during the formation of dental enamel. The aim of this study was to find support for the hypothesis that impaired expression of the X-chromosome influences mineral incorporation during amelogenesis and, indirectly, during dentinogenesis. Primary tooth enamel and dentin from girls with TS were analysed and compared with the enamel and dentin of primary teeth from healthy girls. Qualitative and quantitative changes in the composition of TS enamel were found, in addition to morphological differences. Higher frequencies of subsurface lesions and rod-free zones were seen in TS enamel using polarized light microscopy. Similarly, scanning electron microscopy showed that the enamel rods from TS teeth were of atypical sizes and directions. Using X-ray microanalysis, high levels of calcium and phosphorus, and low levels of carbon, were found in both TS enamel and dentin. Using microradiography, a lower degree of mineralization was found in TS enamel. Rule induction analysis was performed to identify characteristic element patterns for TS. Low values of carbon were the most critical attributes for the outcom...Continue Reading

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Citations

Feb 10, 2011·European Journal of Orthodontics·S RizellH Kjellberg
Sep 10, 2014·TheScientificWorldJournal·Cigdem GulerMehmet Bulbul
Feb 8, 2018·Microscopy Research and Technique·María de Los Angeles Moyaho-BernalClaudia Centeno-Pedraza
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Jan 16, 2021·Special Care in Dentistry : Official Publication of the American Association of Hospital Dentists, the Academy of Dentistry for the Handicapped, and the American Society for Geriatric Dentistry·Felipe Franco MarçalAnya Pimentel Gomes Fernandes Vieira-Meyer

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