Oct 18, 2005

Altered perlecan expression in placental development and gestational diabetes mellitus

W-C V YangC-P Chen


The proteoglycan perlecan is involved in cell signaling, regulation of growth factor activity, and maintenance of basement membranes. This study aims to investigate the expression of perlecan during placental development and whether hyperglycemia of gestational diabetes mellitus induces the alteration of perlecan expression in placenta. Immunohistochemistry, immunoprecipitation/sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis, and quantitative real-time PCR were carried out to study the placental perlecan expression at different trimesters of pregnancies and in gestational diabetes mellitus. The perlecan protein was mainly immunolocalized in the trophoblast and vessel basement membranes with some staining in the villous stroma of placental villus. Perlecan was also found to co-localize with laminin and collagen IV in the basement membranes of placenta. The protein and mRNA levels of placental perlecan were significantly decreased as the gestational age increased. However, a significant increase in perlecan expression was observed in the third trimester placentas with gestational diabetes mellitus compared to the gestational age-matched controls. Furthermore, trophoblast cells cultured in a high glucose (30 mM) medium a...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Metabolic Process, Cellular
Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction
Pathogenic Aspects
Trophoblast Cell

Related Feeds

Blood Clotting Disorders

Thrombophilia includes conditions with increased tendency for excessive blood clotting. Blood clotting occurs when the body has insufficient amounts of specialized proteins that make blood clot and stop bleeding. Here is the latest research on blood clotting disorders.

Basement Membranes

Basement membranes are thin, specialized extracellular matrices surrounding most tissues in all metazoans. Here is the latest research on basement membranes.