PMID: 18754473Aug 30, 2008

Ambient gas/particle partitioning. 1. Sorption mechanisms of apolar, polar, and ionizable organic compounds

Environmental Science & Technology
Hans Peter H ArpKai-Uwe Goss

Abstract

There remain several ambiguities in the literature regarding the dominating sorption mechanisms involved in gas/particle partitioning, particularly for polar and ionizable compounds. The various hypothetical mechanisms would depend differently on relative humidity (RH) and the presence of various aerosol components. Thus, in order to resolve these ambiguities, here we measured the RH-dependency of gas/particle partitioning constants, K(ip), for four diverse aerosol samples and a large set of chemicals covering apolar, polar, and ionizable organic compounds. In addition, we also removed the water-soluble components from two ambient particle samples to study how their presence influences sorption behavior. The measured K(ip) values collectively indicate that a dual-phase sorption mechanism is occurring, in which organic compounds partition into a RH-independent water-insoluble organic matter phase and additionally into a RH-dependent mixed-aqueous phase. All K(ip) values could be successfully fitted to a RH-dependent dual-phase sorption model. The trends in K(ip) data further support findings that the sorption behavior of ambient aerosol samples is different from raw mineral surfaces and soot.

References

Dec 12, 2012·Environmental Science & Technology·Anna SobekGerard Cornelissen
Oct 4, 2014·Environmental Science & Technology·Satoshi Endo, Kai-Uwe Goss
May 6, 2014·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·G SangiorgiE Bolzacchini
Feb 27, 2014·The Science of the Total Environment·Ioannis LiagkouridisAnna Palm Cousins
Dec 21, 2010·Chemosphere·Elena StarokozhevWillhelm Püttmann
May 6, 2016·Environmental Science and Pollution Research International·Benjamin A Musa BandoweKinfai Ho
Jun 27, 2009·Journal of Environmental Monitoring : JEM·Sanka N Atapattu, Colin F Poole

Related Concepts

Jaundice, Obstructive
Organic Chemicals
Air Pollutants, Environmental
Ions
Physical Process of Vaporization
Adsorption
Particle Size
Soluble
Soot
Humidity

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.