Oct 11, 1990

Amiloride inhibits the vasopressin-induced increase in epithelial water permeability

Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology
A GrossoR C DeSousa

Abstract

The vasopressin (VP)-induced increase in water permeability in high-resistance, amphibian epithelia is not altered by the abolition of net Na+ flux caused by amiloride added to the apical bathing medium. In this work we looked at the effects on water transport of amiloride added to the serosal medium at a concentration (10(-3) M) known to inhibit Na+/H+ exchange. In urinary bladders of Bufo marinus, amiloride partially blocked the hydrosmotic response to VP. A similar inhibition was found with cyclic adenosine 5'-monophosphate (cAMP) or serosal hypertonicity. We hypothesized that this effect of amiloride could be due to an inhibition of Na+/H+ and/or Na+/Ca2+ antiporters present in the epithelial basolateral membrane and looked at the effects of the diuretic in Na(+)-free media. A similar degree of inhibition of water flow was still found, thus showing that amiloride acts on a cell target other than the antiporters. In toad skin, amiloride did not inhibit the hydrosmotic response to VP and to isoproterenol; however the response to high K+ was significantly reduced. Among the amiloride cell targets described so far, adenylate cyclase and protein kinase A appear to be the best candidates to explain the inhibition of the hydrosmot...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Skin Absorption
Amphibians
Antiporter
Adenosine
Bufo marinus
Pitressin
Protoplasm
Antidiuretic Hormone Measurement
Serositis
Etiology

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