Oct 11, 1990

Amiloride inhibits the vasopressin-induced increase in epithelial water permeability

Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology
A GrossoR C DeSousa


The vasopressin (VP)-induced increase in water permeability in high-resistance, amphibian epithelia is not altered by the abolition of net Na+ flux caused by amiloride added to the apical bathing medium. In this work we looked at the effects on water transport of amiloride added to the serosal medium at a concentration (10(-3) M) known to inhibit Na+/H+ exchange. In urinary bladders of Bufo marinus, amiloride partially blocked the hydrosmotic response to VP. A similar inhibition was found with cyclic adenosine 5'-monophosphate (cAMP) or serosal hypertonicity. We hypothesized that this effect of amiloride could be due to an inhibition of Na+/H+ and/or Na+/Ca2+ antiporters present in the epithelial basolateral membrane and looked at the effects of the diuretic in Na(+)-free media. A similar degree of inhibition of water flow was still found, thus showing that amiloride acts on a cell target other than the antiporters. In toad skin, amiloride did not inhibit the hydrosmotic response to VP and to isoproterenol; however the response to high K+ was significantly reduced. Among the amiloride cell targets described so far, adenylate cyclase and protein kinase A appear to be the best candidates to explain the inhibition of the hydrosmot...Continue Reading

  • References26
  • Citations


  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

Skin Absorption
Bufo marinus
Antidiuretic Hormone Measurement

About this Paper

Trending Feeds


Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

LRRK2 & Immunity During Infection

Mutations in the LRRK2 gene are a risk-factor for developing Parkinson’s disease. However, LRRK2 has been shown to function as a central regulator of vesicular trafficking, infection, immunity, and inflammation. Here is the latest research on the role of this kinase on immunity during infection.

Antiphospholipid Syndrome

Antiphospholipid syndrome or antiphospholipid antibody syndrome (APS or APLS), is an autoimmune, hypercoagulable state caused by the presence of antibodies directed against phospholipids.

Meningococcal Myelitis

Meningococcal myelitis is characterized by inflammation and myelin damage to the meninges and spinal cord. Discover the latest research on meningococcal myelitis here.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease by recent genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research.