PMID: 1138995Jan 1, 1975

Amino acid makeup, structural characteristics and substrate specificity of rabbit plasma kininogen

Biokhimii︠a︡
T P EgorovaT S Paskhina

Abstract

Highly purified kininogen preparation with the activity of 16-18 int. units per mg was isolated from rabbit blood serum. Its molecular weight was estimated to be 54 000 by gel filtration through Sephadex G-200. Leucine was identified as N-terminal amino acid by the dansylation method. Rabbit kininogen consists of 394 amino acid residues (except tryptophane). Amino acid composition of kininogen is characterized by a high content of dicarbonic amino acids, proline and by a low content of methionine. Kininogen molecule does not contain SH-groups. 13.1-13.5 SH-groups were found in kininogen after the reduction of S-S bonds with beta-mercaptoethanol in the presence of 8 M urea, thus indicating the presence of 6-7 S-S bonds in kininogen molecule. Kininogen group does not occupy C-terminal position in the molecule, because the treatment of the protein with carboxypeptidase B does not change the content of bradykinine in it. Purified kininogen preparation is a substrate for kallikrein from rabbit blood plasma, human saliva and trypsin. Unlike trypsin, kallikreines from human blood plasma and saliva release kinines from kininogen with reduced S-S bonds. Under spontaneous reoxidation of reduced S-S bonds up to 90%, substate properties of...Continue Reading

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