PMID: 40993Dec 25, 1979

Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase-catalyzed cleavage of the glycosidic bond of 5-halogenated uridines

The Journal of Biological Chemistry
S W Koontz, P Schimmel

Abstract

Because of previous data suggesting that aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases make a transient Michael adduct with a specific uridine residue in the tRNA structure, (Schoemaker, H.J.P., and Schimmel, P.R. (1977) Biochemistry 16, 5454-5460) attempts were made to find simple model systems in which this reaction might be studied in more detail. In the course of these investigations, it was found that Escherichia coli Ile-tRNA synthetase catalyzes cleavage of the glycosidic bond of 5-bromouridine. At pH 7.5, ambient temperatures, the turnover number is roughly 5/h. 5-Fluoro-, 5-chloro-, and 5-iodouridine are also cleaved in an analogous way by Ile-tRNA synthetase. In the case of uridine, conversion of uridine to uracil and ribose was also detected, but with a smaller turnover number. Three other E. coli and one mammalian aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases were also examined and all were found to catalyze glycosidic bond cleavage of 5-bromouridine. The data indicate that, in general, synthetases have a catalytic center that shows an unusual reactivity for uridine.

Related Concepts

5-bromouridine
Alkalescens-Dispar Group
Structure-Activity Relationship
5-iodouridine
MT-TA gene
Triplet Codon-amino Acid Adaptor Activity
Cytokinesis of the Fertilized Ovum
Transfer RNA
Adduct
Cleaved Cell

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