PMID: 38931Apr 1, 1979

Ammoniagenesis by the isolated perfused rat kidney: the critical role of urinary acidification

Clinical Science
R L Tannen, B D Ross

Abstract

1. The effect of metabolic acidosis simulated in vitro on ammoniagenesis was investigated by using the isolated kidney of the rat perfused with an albumin Krebs-Henseleit medium containing glutamine and glucose. 2. Addition of HCl to a perfusate of normal bicarbonate concentration resulted in a prompt increase in urine flow rate, decrease in fractional sodium reabsorption and decrease in urine pH. 3. A minimum urine pH as low as 5.15 was achieved, with an average value of 5.92, indicating that this preparation has the capacity to acidify normally. 4. In contrast with studies in vitro with other preparations, with the functional perfused kidney a diminution in perfusate bicarbonate concentration resulted in a prompt increase in ammonia production, which was strikingly correlated with the decrease in urine pH. 5. The increase in ammonia production was diminished in studies carried out with a non-urinating kidney, in comparison with those that exhibited significant urine acidification. 6. These data suggest that a decrease in urine pH with trapping of ammonia in the urine may be a critical stimulus for increased ammonia production in acute metabolic acidosis.

References

Jun 1, 1988·Xenobiotica; the Fate of Foreign Compounds in Biological Systems·P H Bach, E N Kwizera
Aug 15, 2001·American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology·N P Curthoys, G Gstraunthaler
Aug 10, 2006·American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology·N P CurthoysMark A Knepper
Aug 3, 2013·Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : CJASN·N P Curthoys, Orson W Moe
Nov 9, 2012·American Journal of Physiology. Renal Physiology·Dana M FreundN P Curthoys
Sep 5, 2001·The Journal of Nutrition·N P Curthoys

Related Concepts

Urine
Perfusion
Urine pH Measurement
Glucose, (beta-D)-Isomer
Carbonic Acid Ions
Acidification - ActCode
Kidney
Positive Regulation of Urine Volume
Blood Ammonia Measurement
Ammonia Inhalants

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Synapse Loss as Therapeutic Target in MS

As we age, the number of synapses present in the human brain starts to decline, but in neurodegenerative diseases this occurs at an accelerated rate. In MS, it has been shown that there is a reduction in synaptic density, which presents a potential target for treatment. Here is the latest research on synapse loss as a therapeutic target in MS.

Artificial Intelligence in Cardiac Imaging

Artificial intelligence (ai) techniques are increasingly applied to cardiovascular (cv) medicine in cardiac imaging analysis. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Social Learning

Social learning involves learning new behaviors through observation, imitation and modeling. Follow this feed to stay up to date on the latest research.

Cell Atlas of the Human Eye

Constructing a cell atlas of the human eye will require transcriptomic and histologic analysis over the lifespan. This understanding will aid in the study of development and disease. Find the latest research pertaining to the Cell Atlas of the Human Eye here.

Single Cell Chromatin Profiling

Techniques like ATAC-seq and CUT&Tag have the potential to allow single cell profiling of chromatin accessibility, histones, and TFs. This will provide novel insight into cellular heterogeneity and cell states. Discover the latest research on single cell chromatin profiling here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells.