PMID: 39610Sep 12, 1979

AMP deaminase from baker's yeast. Purification and some regulatory properties

Biochimica Et Biophysica Acta
M YoshinoK Tsushima

Abstract

AMP deaminase (AMP aminohydrolase, EC 3.5.4.6) was found in extract of baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae), and was purified to electrophoretic homogeneity using phosphocellulose adsorption chromatography and affinity elution by ATP. The enzyme shows cooperative binding of AMP (Hill coefficient, nH, 1.7) with an s0.5 value of 2.6 mM in the absence or presence of alkali metals. ATP acts as a positive effector, lowering nH to 1.0 and s0.5 to 0.02 mM. P1 inhibits the enzyme in an allosteric manner: s0.5 and nH values increase with increase in Pi concentration. In the physiological range of adenylate energy charge in yeast cells (0.5 to 0.9), the AMP deaminase activity increases sharply with decreasing energy charge, and the decrease in the size of adenylate pool causes a marked decrease in the rate of the deaminase reaction. AMP deaminase may act as a part of the system that protects against wide excursions of energy charge and adenylate pool size in yeast cells. These suggestions, based on the properties of the enzyme observed in vitro, are consistent with the results of experiments on baker's yeast in vivo reported by other workers.

Related Concepts

AMP Deaminase
Paper Chromatography (Procedure)
SDS-PAGE
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Nucleotide Deaminases
Saccharomyces cerevisiae
Substrate Specificity

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