Feb 16, 2018

Amyloid toxicity in Alzheimer's disease

Reviews in the Neurosciences
Allison B ReissLora J Kasselman


A major feature of Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology is the plaque composed of aggregated amyloid-β (Aβ) peptide. Although these plaques may have harmful properties, there is much evidence to implicate soluble oligomeric Aβ as the primary noxious form. Aβ oligomers can be generated both extracellularly and intracellularly. Aβ is toxic to neurons in a myriad of ways. It can cause pore formation resulting in the leakage of ions, disruption of cellular calcium balance, and loss of membrane potential. It can promote apoptosis, cause synaptic loss, and disrupt the cytoskeleton. Current treatments for AD are limited and palliative. Much research and effort is being devoted to reducing Aβ production as an approach to slowing or preventing the development of AD. Aβ formation results from the amyloidogenic cleavage of human amyloid precursor protein (APP). Reconfiguring this process to disfavor amyloid generation might be possible through the reduction of APP or inhibition of enzymes that convert the precursor protein to amyloid.

Mentioned in this Paper

Familial Alzheimer Disease (FAD)
Calcium [EPC]
APP protein, human
Enzymes, antithrombotic

Related Feeds

Alzheimer's Disease: APP

Amyloid precursor protein proteolysis is critical for the development of Alzheimer's disease, a neurodegenerative disease associated with accumulation of amyloid plaques. Here is the latest research.

Alzheimer's Disease: Abeta

Alzheimer's disease (AD) is a chronic neurodegenerative disease associated with accumulation of amyloid plaques, which are comprised of amyloid beta. Here is the latest research in this field.


Apoptosis is a specific process that leads to programmed cell death through the activation of an evolutionary conserved intracellular pathway leading to pathognomic cellular changes distinct from cellular necrosis