Apr 28, 2020

Low-coverage sequencing cost-effectively detects known and novel variation in underrepresented populations

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Alicia R. MartinNeuroGAP-Psychosis Consortium

Abstract

Background: Genetic studies of biomedical phenotypes in underrepresented populations identify disproportionate numbers of novel associations. However, current genomics infrastructure--including most genotyping arrays and sequenced reference panels--best serves populations of European descent. A critical step for facilitating genetic studies in underrepresented populations is to ensure that genetic technologies accurately capture variation in all populations. Here, we quantify the accuracy of low-coverage sequencing in diverse African populations. Results: We sequenced the whole genomes of 91 individuals to high-coverage (>20X) from the Neuropsychiatric Genetics of African Population-Psychosis (NeuroGAP-Psychosis) study, in which participants were recruited from Ethiopia, Kenya, South Africa, and Uganda. We empirically tested two data generation strategies, GWAS arrays versus low-coverage sequencing, by calculating the concordance of imputed variants from these technologies with those from deep whole genome sequencing data. We show that low-coverage sequencing at a depth of [≥]4X captures variants of all frequencies more accurately than all commonly used GWAS arrays investigated and at a comparable cost. Lower depths of seque...Continue Reading

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