An amino acid mixture is essential to optimize insulin-stimulated glucose uptake and GLUT4 translocation in perfused rodent hindlimb muscle

Journal of Applied Physiology
Jeffrey R BernardJohn L Ivy


The purpose of this study was to investigate whether an amino acid mixture increases glucose uptake across perfused rodent hindlimb muscle in the presence and absence of a submaximal insulin concentration, and if the increase in glucose uptake is related to an increase in GLUT4 plasma membrane density. Sprague-Dawley rats were separated into one of four treatment groups: basal, amino acid mixture, submaximal insulin, or amino acid mixture with submaximal insulin. Glucose uptake was greater for both insulin-stimulated treatments compared with the non-insulin-stimulated treatment groups but amino acids only increased glucose uptake in the presence of insulin. Phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI 3-kinase) activity was greater for both insulin-stimulated treatments with amino acids having no additional impact. Akt substrate of 160 kDa (AS160) phosphorylation, however, was increased by the amino acids in the presence of insulin, but not in the absence of insulin. AMPK was unaffected by insulin or amino acids. Plasma membrane GLUT4 protein concentration was greater in the rats treated with insulin compared with no insulin in the perfusate. In the presence of insulin, amino acids increased GLUT4 density in the plasma membrane but had no...Continue Reading


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