Jan 11, 2020

An amygdalo-parabrachial pathway regulates pain perception and chronic pain

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
Charles RaverAsaf Keller

Abstract

The parabrachial (PB) complex mediates both ascending nociceptive signaling and descending pain modulatory information in the affective/emotional pain pathway. We have recently reported that chronic pain is associated with amplified activity of PB neurons in a rat model of neuropathic pain. Here we demonstrate that similar activity amplification occurs in mice, and that this is related to suppressed inhibition to PB neurons from the central nucleus of the amygdala (CeA). Animals with pain after chronic constriction injury of the infraorbital nerve (CCI-Pain) displayed higher spontaneous and evoked activity in PB neurons, and a dramatic increase in after- discharges--responses that far outlast the stimulus--compared to controls. PB neurons in CCI-Pain animals showed a reduction in inhibitory, GABAergic inputs. We show that--in both rats and mice--PB contains few GABAergic neurons, and that most of its GABAergic inputs arise from CeA. These CeA GABA neurons express dynorphin, somatostatin and/or corticotropin releasing hormone. We find that the efficacy of this CeA-LPB pathway is suppressed in chronic pain. Further, optogenetically stimulating this pathway suppresses acute pain, and inhibiting it, in naïve animals, evokes pain be...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Pain
Laboratory mice
Affect (Mental Function)
Pathogenesis
Signal Pathways
Somatostatin
Parabrachial Nucleus
Structure of Infraorbital Nerve
Chronic Pain
Corticotropin-Releasing Hormone

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