An animal model to investigate effectiveness and safety of conducted energy weapons (including TASER devices)

Journal of Forensic Sciences
James R Jauchem

Abstract

Conducted energy weapons (CEWs) are used by law-enforcement personnel to incapacitate individuals quickly and effectively, without causing lethality. CEWs have been deployed for relatively long or repeated exposures during law-enforcement operations. The purpose of this technical note is to describe, in detail, some aspects of an anesthetized swine model used in our laboratory and to answer specific questions related to the model. In particular, tiletamine/zolazepam-induced, propofol-maintained anesthesia appears to be a useful technique for studying effects of CEW applications on muscle contraction and blood factors such as muscle enzymes. Because effects of CEWs on breathing have not been fully elucidated, a spontaneously breathing model is preferable to one in which mechanical ventilation is supplied. Placement of the swine in a supine position may facilitate measurement of muscle contractions, without compromising other physiological parameters.

References

Oct 1, 1990·Medicine, Science, and the Law·M N RobinsonG D Renshaw
Dec 1, 1987·British Journal of Anaesthesia·N W GoodmanJ A Carter
Jan 1, 1987·Annales Françaises D'anesthèsie Et De Rèanimation·F ServinJ M Desmonts
Mar 1, 1984·Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology : PACE·T A Bowman, H C Hughes
May 1, 1983·European Heart Journal·P D VerdouwW J van der Giessen
Feb 1, 1982·Anesthesiology·P F WhiteA J Trevor
Mar 1, 1994·Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia = Journal Canadien D'anesthésie·L M Joly, D Benhamou
Jan 1, 1996·Journal of Applied Physiology·C P IngallsR B Armstrong
Aug 1, 1997·Resuscitation·M S JasaniV M Nadkarni
Sep 18, 1997·Journal of Applied Physiology·W C WinterP M Suratt
Aug 1, 1997·Risk Analysis : an Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis·D E Burmaster, E A Crouch
Jan 28, 1998·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·D Dreyfuss, G Saumon
Feb 3, 1999·Academic Emergency Medicine : Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine·B J O'NeilJ Younger
Feb 24, 1999·European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology·T HoritaH Kyröläinen
May 8, 2000·Journal of Applied Physiology·W A AltemeierR W Glenny
May 18, 2000·International Journal of Radiation Biology·J W HopewellH F Moustafa
May 19, 2000·Pharmacological Research : the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society·D J Hearse, F J Sutherland
Jun 23, 2000·Surgical and Radiologic Anatomy : SRA·M RiquetG Hidden
Feb 22, 2002·Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews·Uwe Jürgens
Jun 18, 2002·British Journal of Anaesthesia·M P Dockery, G B Drummond
Dec 26, 2003·American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine·Jay M SteinbergGary F Nieman
Jan 27, 2004·British Journal of Anaesthesia·H F GinzA Urwyler
Apr 10, 2004·Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research : JSLHR·Kathryn P ConnaghanMasahiko Higashakawa
Aug 10, 2004·Journal of Applied Physiology·William A AltemeierRobb W Glenny
Mar 15, 2005·Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia·Ioannis SavvasAlexandros F Koutinas
Apr 30, 2005·Journal of Medical Primatology·Choong-Yong KimSang-Seop Han
Aug 27, 2005·PLoS Medicine·John J Pippin
Sep 1, 2005·Anesthesiology·Peter R EastwoodDavid R Hillman
Nov 8, 2005·Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology : the Official Clinical Practice Journal of the American Gastroenterological Association·Mohammed A QadeerGregory Zuccaro
Nov 18, 2005·Expert Review of Medical Devices·Adam Curtis
Jan 26, 2006·Journal of Veterinary Science·Inhyung LeeHaruo Yamada
Feb 18, 2006·Pharmacology & Therapeutics·Bernd W UrbanMartin Barann
Mar 23, 2006·Academic Emergency Medicine : Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine·Jeffrey D HoWilliam G Heegaard
May 5, 2006·The Journal of Neuroscience : the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience·Michael SmothermanWalter Metzner
Oct 28, 2006·Acta Anaesthesiologica Scandinavica·J J BoydT T Randell
Feb 8, 2007·Academic Emergency Medicine : Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine·Jeffrey D HoJames R Miner
Feb 13, 2007·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·John J Pippin
Feb 13, 2007·Journal of the American College of Cardiology·Mark W KrollRichard M Luceri
May 26, 2007·Anesthesiology·Christian GrasshoffBernd Antkowiak
Jul 17, 2007·Forensic Science International : Synergy·James R JauchemCharles W Beason
Aug 28, 2007·Annals of Emergency Medicine·Amanda O EsquivelCynthia A Bir
Aug 28, 2007·Annals of Emergency Medicine·Gary M VilkeTheodore C Chan

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Citations

Oct 11, 2011·International Journal of Legal Medicine·Sebastian N KunzOliver Peschel
Jul 15, 2009·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·James R JauchemCurtis M Klages
Nov 26, 2009·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·James R Jauchem
Apr 2, 2013·Forensic Science, Medicine, and Pathology·James R JauchemMelissa Tarango
Oct 24, 2012·The Journal of Dairy Research·Jarosława RutkowskaMalgorzata Bialek
Oct 31, 2012·Journal of Forensic Sciences·Fabienne JordanaMichel Bénézech
Mar 20, 2012·American Heart Journal·Sebastian N Kunz
Dec 7, 2018·Journal of Forensic Sciences·James R JauchemMichael B Jirjis

❮ Previous
Next ❯

Related Concepts

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Blastomycosis

Blastomycosis fungal infections spread through inhaling Blastomyces dermatitidis spores. Discover the latest research on blastomycosis fungal infections here.

Nuclear Pore Complex in ALS/FTD

Alterations in nucleocytoplasmic transport, controlled by the nuclear pore complex, may be involved in the pathomechanism underlying multiple neurodegenerative diseases including Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis and Frontotemporal Dementia. Here is the latest research on the nuclear pore complex in ALS and FTD.

Applications of Molecular Barcoding

The concept of molecular barcoding is that each original DNA or RNA molecule is attached to a unique sequence barcode. Sequence reads having different barcodes represent different original molecules, while sequence reads having the same barcode are results of PCR duplication from one original molecule. Discover the latest research on molecular barcoding here.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Evolution of Pluripotency

Pluripotency refers to the ability of a cell to develop into three primary germ cell layers of the embryo. This feed focuses on the mechanisms that underlie the evolution of pluripotency. Here is the latest research.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.

Microbicide

Microbicides are products that can be applied to vaginal or rectal mucosal surfaces with the goal of preventing, or at least significantly reducing, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Here is the latest research on microbicides.