An antiallergic activity of disodium cromoglycate unrelated to mast cell activation

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K KuriyamaK Ito


The pharmacological effects of disodium cromoglycate (DSCG) were studied in rats during the development of reactions to various allergens or carrageenin. DSCG (10 mg/kg and 100 mg/kg, i.v.) showed pronounced inhibitory effects on type I and type III (passive Arthus) allergic reactions. An immunological degranulation of mast cells and a significant decrease in tissue histamine content were observed in type I allergic reactions but not in type III allergic reactions characterized by an apparent infiltration of neutrophils. An antihistaminic agent, promethazine (1 mg/kg, i.v.) was effective only against type I allergic reactions and totally ineffective against type III allergic reactions. Thus, the results obtained above strongly suggest that DSCG exhibits at least two mechanisms of antiallergic action; one is related to mediator release from mast cells and the other is unrelated to mast cell activation.


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Nov 1, 1965·The Journal of Allergy·J J Ouellette, C E Reed
Nov 7, 1970·British Medical Journal·H PoppiusA Viljanen
Sep 7, 1968·British Medical Journal·S E Davies
Oct 1, 1981·Journal of Pharmacobio-dynamics·K Kuriyama, T Okuno
Aug 1, 1964·The Journal of Experimental Medicine·P G QUIE, J G HIRSCH

Related Concepts

Histamine Measurement
Mast Cell
Immediate Hypersensitivity
August Rats
Neutrophils as Percentage of Blood Leukocytes (Lab Test)
Immune Sera
Antihistamine [EPC]

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