An atlas of genetic correlations across human diseases and traits

Nature Genetics
Brendan Bulik-SullivanBenjamin M Neale

Abstract

Identifying genetic correlations between complex traits and diseases can provide useful etiological insights and help prioritize likely causal relationships. The major challenges preventing estimation of genetic correlation from genome-wide association study (GWAS) data with current methods are the lack of availability of individual-level genotype data and widespread sample overlap among meta-analyses. We circumvent these difficulties by introducing a technique-cross-trait LD Score regression-for estimating genetic correlation that requires only GWAS summary statistics and is not biased by sample overlap. We use this method to estimate 276 genetic correlations among 24 traits. The results include genetic correlations between anorexia nervosa and schizophrenia, anorexia and obesity, and educational attainment and several diseases. These results highlight the power of genome-wide analyses, as there currently are no significantly associated SNPs for anorexia nervosa and only three for educational attainment.

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Apr 21, 2017·Annual Review of Genomics and Human Genetics·Pauline ChasteBernie Devlin
Mar 22, 2018·Annals of Clinical and Translational Neurology·Sarah J PickettRobert McFarland
Feb 24, 2018·Scientific Reports·Varun Warrier, Simon Baron-Cohen
Mar 15, 2018·European Journal of Clinical Nutrition·Thorkild I A Sørensen
Oct 20, 2017·Alcoholism, Clinical and Experimental Research·Ellen W YeungIan R Gizer
Oct 12, 2017·Frontiers in Psychology·Samantha J BrooksHelgi B Schiöth
Jun 7, 2018·Nature Reviews. Genetics·Jean-Baptiste PingaultFrank Dudbridge
Aug 24, 2018·Scientific Reports·Saurabh SrinivasanOle A Andreassen
Jun 29, 2018·Bioinformatics·Ruth JohnsonSriram Sankararaman
Oct 19, 2018·Translational Psychiatry·Rosa CheesmanThalia C Eley
May 10, 2018·Scientific Reports·Tsegaselassie WorkalemahuFasil Tekola-Ayele
Dec 23, 2018·Nature Communications·Chloe X YapPeter M Visscher
Jun 15, 2018·Nature Reviews. Rheumatology·Antonio Gonzalez, Ana M Valdes
Sep 1, 2018·Briefings in Bioinformatics·Yan ZhaoHong-Wen Deng
Jun 28, 2018·The British Journal of Psychiatry : the Journal of Mental Science·Derrek P HibarEnhancing Neuro Imaging Genetics through Meta Analysis (ENIGMA) Consortium and International Obsessive Compulsive Disorder F
Feb 7, 2019·International Journal of Epidemiology·Sofia CarlssonTomas Andersson
Feb 8, 2019·Communications Biology·Aleksandr ZeninYurii S Aulchenko
Apr 6, 2019·Human Genomics·Fasil Tekola-AyeleKaty Sánchez-Pozos
Mar 22, 2019·ELife·Jeremy J BergGraham Coop
Feb 26, 2019·Therapeutic Advances in Psychopharmacology·Hubertus HimmerichJ Treasure
Mar 10, 2019·Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology·Ho NamkungAkira Sawa
Apr 9, 2019·The European Respiratory Journal·Kelli LehtoBronwyn K Brew
May 16, 2019·Nature Communications·Philip J LawMalcolm G Dunlop
Nov 13, 2019·Molecular Psychiatry·Andreas J ForstnerJohannes Schumacher
Nov 13, 2019·Translational Psychiatry·Anna E BauerSamantha Meltzer-Brody
Oct 24, 2019·Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology·Mohammed Eslam, Jacob George
Oct 24, 2019·Nature Communications·Kristjan NorlandKári Stefánsson
Feb 7, 2020·Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders·Jessica B GiraultIBIS Network
Sep 22, 2019·Genetic Epidemiology·John B HolmesDavid J Balding
Dec 14, 2019·Addiction·Karen HodgsonCathryn M Lewis
Nov 11, 2019·Nature Communications·Luke R Lloyd-JonesPeter M Visscher
Jan 22, 2020·Nature Human Behaviour·Nana MatobaYukinori Okada
Apr 23, 2020·Nature Communications·Yordi J van de VegteNiek Verweij
Jun 7, 2020·Nature Genetics·Sarah A GaglianoGoncalo R Abecasis
Jun 13, 2020·Nature Reviews. Neurology·Olav B SmelandOle A Andreassen
Sep 25, 2020·Nature Communications·Qian ZhangPeter M Visscher
Aug 9, 2020·Journal of the American Society of Nephrology : JASN·Yong LiMatthias Wuttke
Jun 20, 2020·Journal of Human Genetics·Hao MeiThomas H Mosley