PMID: 5918059Aug 1, 1966

An attempt to analyse colour reception by electrophysiology

The Journal of Physiology
K I Naka, W A Rushton

Abstract

1. The problem of colour reception is that we do not know the action spectra of the visual pigments involved, the nature of the signals generated nor the interaction between these signals. We only know the incident light and the electric results of interaction.2. In Part 1 we show that S-potentials from red/green (R/G) units saturated with deep red light show this property: added green light pulls down the ceiling of depolarization, but more added red had no power to raise it again. Thus lights that depress the deep red ceiling equally stimulate the green pigment equally. From this the action spectrum of the green pigment can be obtained.3. If we assume that only two visual pigments are involved in the R/G unit, and that lights which do not pull down the deep red ceiling are below the threshold for green cones, then in this range only the red pigment is excited and we may obtain its action spectrum. Its maximum is at 680 nm where no visual pigment so far has been found.4. In Part 2 we consider the following mathematical problem: ;Is it possible that two pigments of given action spectra could combine their outputs in such a way that the resultant would be identical with the output of a third pigment of given action spectrum, for...Continue Reading

Citations

Nov 1, 1975·Vision Research·H ScheibnerM Bezaut
Dec 3, 2014·Vision Research·Matthew R Krause, Christopher C Pack
Apr 15, 1989·Experientia·G H Jacobs, J Neitz
May 31, 1974·Kybernetik·P Z Marmarelis, K I Naka
Jan 1, 1971·Neir̆ofiziologiia = Neurophysiology·Iu A TrifonovA L Byzov
Jan 1, 1981·Biological cybernetics·S ClevelandH G Ross
Jan 1, 1987·Vision Research·M AlpernB N Baker
Jan 1, 1987·Vision Research·J Gottesman, D A Burkhardt
Jan 1, 1986·Vision Research·G H Jacobs
Jan 1, 1986·Vision Research·B T OlsenE Zrenner
Nov 1, 1969·Vision Research·R H Steinberg
Jul 1, 1967·Vision Research·T TomitaE L Pautler
Sep 1, 1994·Acta Physiologica Scandinavica·A KoskelainenK Donner
May 1, 1969·Acta Physiologica Scandinavica·L Cigánek, D H Ingvar
Feb 19, 2011·Fish Physiology and Biochemistry·Taro MatsumotoYasunori Ishibashi
Apr 1, 2015·The Journal of Comparative Neurology·Seoho SongKevin R Duffy
Nov 2, 2002·The Journal of Physiology·Christophe P RibelaygaStuart C Mangel
Oct 21, 2003·The Journal of Physiology·Christophe P RibelaygaStuart C Mangel
Mar 5, 2016·Cerebral Cortex·Valentina PiserchiaPatrizia Fattori
Jan 1, 2014·The Journal of Comparative Neurology·Tomoki IsayamaClint L Makino
Nov 6, 2004·NeuroImage·Ursula GreferathMark Murphy
Oct 12, 2005·Brain Research Bulletin·Yin ShenXiong-Li Yang
Jan 15, 2014·Neuron·Peter H LiE J Chichilnisky
Nov 13, 2004·Vision Research·Stewart A Bloomfield, Béla Völgyi
Sep 23, 2014·Experimental Eye Research·Lisa Nivison-SmithMichael Kalloniatis
Aug 30, 2008·Vision Research·Christina Joselevitch, Maarten Kamermans
Oct 10, 2008·Cerebral Cortex·Gunnar BlohmJ Douglas Crawford
Nov 24, 2016·Nature Communications·Erin KochQasim Zaidi
Aug 12, 2003·Bulletin of Entomological Research·J G C HamiltonJ G C Hamilton
Feb 1, 1997·Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research = Revista Brasileira De Pesquisas Médicas E Biológicas·R D DeVoeD F Ventura
Jun 1, 2017·PLoS Genetics·Mark A Charlton-PerkinsTiffany A Cook
Jan 1, 1988·Journal of the Optical Society of America. A, Optics and Image Science·J D Mollon, O Estévez
Sep 29, 1998·The European Journal of Neuroscience·J AmmermüllerI Perlman
Dec 16, 2016·The Journal of Experimental Biology·Marisano JamesElke K Buschbeck
Feb 15, 1975·The Journal of Comparative Neurology·W K Stell, D O Lightfoot
Jul 1, 1980·Pflügers Archiv : European journal of physiology·F J Haberich, B Lingelbach
Mar 3, 2007·Journal of Comparative Physiology. A, Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology·Peter SkorupskiLars Chittka
Dec 6, 2014·Journal of Neurophysiology·T Scott MurdisonGunnar Blohm
Feb 20, 1975·Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Biological Sciences·J H Scholes
Mar 22, 1990·Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series B, Containing Papers of a Biological Character·R F Dacheux, E Raviola
Jan 1, 1988·Visual Neuroscience·J D Nussdorf, M K Powers
Jan 1, 1969·Albrecht Von Graefes Archiv Für Klinische Und Experimentelle Ophthalmologie. Albrecht Von Graefe's Archive for Clinical and Experimental Ophthalmology·H Scheibner, B Schmidt
May 15, 2003·The Journal of Comparative Neurology·W Ted AllisonCraig W Hawryshyn
May 13, 2017·The Journal of Cell Biology·Cataldo SchietromaChristine Petit
Jun 22, 2019·Annual Review of Vision Science·Aurelien DavidLorne Whitehead
Apr 1, 2020·The Journal of Comparative Neurology·Lauren R PeelNathan S Hart
Oct 28, 2020·Scientific Reports·Camilla R SharkeyTrevor J Wardill

Related Concepts

Color Perception
Electrophysiology (Science)
Retina
Retinal Pigments

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.