Jan 1, 1975

An attenuated variant of Eastern encephalitis virus: biological properties and protection induced in mice

Archives of Virology
A BROWN, J E OFFICER

Abstract

Wild type Eastern equine encephalitis virus (E) was compared with a mutant (Em) derived from it. The latter was tested as an attenuated vaccine in mice. They differed in the following properties: Em formed smaller plaques on chick embryo (CE) cell monolayers and, unlike E, did not plaque on mouse embryo (ME) monolayers. Futher, Em had a longer latent period and attained a lower peak titer than E after infection of CE cells, was more senssitive than E to chick interferon, and was less virulent for mice (SC and IP routes) and hamsters (IP route) than E. Both viruses were similar in several other properties tested. The mutant was found to induce a gradient in the specificity of protection in mice against challenge by selected viruses after a single subcutaneous injection of living virus. The protection was best against autologous (Em) challenge, was next best against challenge by the virulent parent (E) virus, but was not demonstrable against cross challenge by Venezuelan encephalitis (V) virus. Conventional hemagglutination-inhibiting (HI), complement-fixing (F), and neutralizing (N) antibodies could not be detected in Em-immunized mice even when fresh monkey or guinea pig serum was included in Ntests to provide complement and/or...Continue Reading

Mentioned in this Paper

Embryo
Neutralising Antibodies Analysis
Viral Vaccines
Variolation
Vaccinia virus
Pathogenicity
Vaccines, Attenuated
Revaccination
Entire Embryo
Cavia

About this Paper

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