Nov 11, 2019

An automated framework for localization, segmentation and super-resolution reconstruction of fetal brain MRI

NeuroImage
Michael EbnerTom Vercauteren

Abstract

High-resolution volume reconstruction from multiple motion-corrupted stacks of 2D slices plays an increasing role for fetal brain Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) studies. Currently existing reconstruction methods are time-consuming and often require user interactions to localize and extract the brain from several stacks of 2D slices. We propose a fully automatic framework for fetal brain reconstruction that consists of four stages: 1) fetal brain localization based on a coarse segmentation by a Convolutional Neural Network (CNN), 2) fine segmentation by another CNN trained with a multi-scale loss function, 3) novel, single-parameter outlier-robust super-resolution reconstruction, and 4) fast and automatic high-resolution visualization in standard anatomical space suitable for pathological brains. We validated our framework with images from fetuses with normal brains and with variable degrees of ventriculomegaly associated with open spina bifida, a congenital malformation affecting also the brain. Experiments show that each step of our proposed pipeline outperforms state-of-the-art methods in both segmentation and reconstruction comparisons including expert-reader quality assessments. The reconstruction results of our proposed ...Continue Reading

  • References
  • Citations

References

  • We're still populating references for this paper, please check back later.
  • References
  • Citations

Citations

  • This paper may not have been cited yet.

Mentioned in this Paper

CNN1
Community Health Networks
Study
2-Dimensional
Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Reconstructive Surgical Procedures
Brain
Procedure on Brain
Anatomical Space Structure
Evaluation

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Position Effect Variegation

Position Effect Variagation occurs when a gene is inactivated due to its positioning near heterochromatic regions within a chromosome. Discover the latest research on Position Effect Variagation here.

Head And Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Squamous cell carcinomas account for >90% of all tumors in the head and neck region. Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma incidence has increased dramatically recently with little improvement in patient outcomes. Here is the latest research on this aggressive malignancy.

Signaling in Adult Neurogenesis

Neural stem cells play a critical role in the production of neuronal cells in neurogenesis is of great importance. Of interest is the role signalling mechanisms in adult neurogenesis. Discover the latest research on signalling in adult neurogenesis.

Psychiatric Chronotherapy

Psychiatric Chronotherapy considers the circadian rhythm as a major factor for optimizing therapeutic efficacy of psychiatric interventions. Discover the latest research on Psychiatric Chronotherapy here.

Bone Marrow Neoplasms

Bone Marrow Neoplasms are cancers that occur in the bone marrow. Discover the latest research on Bone Marrow Neoplasms here.

IGA Glomerulonephritis

IgA glomerulonephritis is a chronic form of glomerulonephritis characterized by deposits of predominantly Iimmunoglobin A in the mesangial area. Discover the latest research on IgA glomerulonephritis here.

Cryogenic Electron Microscopy

Cryogenic electron microscopy (Cryo-EM) allows the determination of biological macromolecules and their assemblies at a near-atomic resolution. Here is the latest research.

STING Receptor Agonists

Stimulator of IFN genes (STING) are a group of transmembrane proteins that are involved in the induction of type I interferon that is important in the innate immune response. The stimulation of STING has been an active area of research in the treatment of cancer and infectious diseases. Here is the latest research on STING receptor agonists.