An electrophysiological investigation of attentional blink in schizophrenia: separating perceptual and attentional processes

International Journal of Psychophysiology : Official Journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology
Kristopher I MathisMichael F Green

Abstract

When two visual targets are presented in a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) paradigm, the ability to identify the second target is reduced when it is presented 200-500ms after the initial target. This phenomenon is referred to as the "attentional blink (AB)." Previous behavioral studies have reported aberrant AB in schizophrenia. The underlying cause, however, of the AB deficit in schizophrenia remains ambiguous. Individuals with schizophrenia consistently demonstrate impairments in early visual processing stages and later attentionally-mediated stages, yet the stage of processing that is contributing to patient-control differences on AB is unknown. The current study attempted to resolve this ambiguity by applying electrophysiological methodology to an RSVP paradigm with 70 clinically stable outpatients with schizophrenia and 63 healthy controls. The task was simplified to reduce task demands, and a suppression ratio was employed to control for possible differences between groups in the ability to identify a single stimulus within a visual stream. Early perceptual processing was assessed using the steady-state visual evoked potential (ssVEP), and attentional processing was assessed using the P300 event-related potential....Continue Reading

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Related Concepts

Mental Concentration
Winking
Data Interpretation, Statistical
Electroencephalogram
Visual Evoked Cortical Potential
Fixation, Ocular
Perception
Photic Stimulation
Psychomotor Performance
Schizophrenic Psychology

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