An electrophysiological study of amiloride on sino-atrial node cells and ventricular muscle of rabbit and dog

Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
H Satoh, K Hashimoto

Abstract

Effects of amiloride were studied on canine and rabbit sino-atrial node cells and the canine ventricular cells. In the canine sino-atrial node selectively perfused with Tyrode solution through the sinus node artery, amiloride (4.4 X 10(-4)-1.3 X 10(-2)mol/l) induced a negative chronotropic and a positive inotropic effect in a concentration-dependent manner. In canine ventricular muscle, the amplitude of the action potential and the resting membrane potential were decreased in the presence of amiloride (4.4 X 10(-6)-8.7 X 10(-4) mol/l). The maximum rate of rise was also depressed in a use-dependent manner as well as a concentration-dependent manner. Simultaneously the action potential duration was markedly prolonged. Low concentrations of amiloride decreased the contractile force, but higher concentrations (over 8.7 X 10(-5) mol/l) enhanced it. In the spontaneously beating rabbit sino-atrial node, amiloride (8.7 X 10(-5)-2.2 X 10(-3) mol/l) lengthened the action potential duration and the cycle length accompanied with the decreases in the amplitude and the maximum rate of rise of the action potential. The maximum diastolic potential was slightly depolarized. In voltage clamp experiments of the rabbit sino-atrial node, amiloride ...Continue Reading

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Citations

Aug 11, 1991·Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology·L BrownJ R Bourke
Nov 1, 1994·European Journal of Pharmacology·G CargnelliS Luciani
Apr 2, 1998·General Pharmacology·H Satoh, N Sperelakis
Jan 8, 2000·Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology & Physiology·K P MullM L Bhattacharyya
Jan 22, 1998·Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology·H Satoh, M Horie

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