Dec 1, 1975

An endogalactosaminidase from Streptomyces griseus

Canadian Journal of Biochemistry
J L ReissigJ E Glasgow

Abstract

An endogalactosaminidase has been purified 34-fold from the culture filtrate of Streptomyces griseus. This enzyme cleaves GalN-GalN linkages in oligogalactosaminoglycan, a galactosamine-rich oligosaccharide isolated from the culture filtrate of a Neurospora mutant. Since some or all of the GalN-GalN bonds in this molecule link positions 1 and 4, and are in the alpha-configuration, we are probably dealing with an endo-alpha-(1 leads to 4)-galactosaminidase, bu this characterization is only tentative because the few bonds cleaved by the enzyme could have a different structure. The enzyme is inactive towards N-acetyl-oligogalactosaminoglycan and chitosan. The endogalactosaminidase preparations also cleave high molecular weight galactosaminoglycan (obtained from Neurospora) into fragments greater than or equal to 10(4) daltons in molecular weight, and catalyze the release of Neurospora sporelings from the glass surfaces to which they are anchored. Galactosaminoglycan-cleaving and sporeling-releasing activities elute jointly from DEAE-cellulose columns. This observation provides further support for an earlier proposal that the sporelings are anchored to the glass by means of galactosaminoglycan molecules.

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Mentioned in this Paper

Neurospora crassa
Neurospora
Glycosaminoglycans
Structure-Activity Relationship
GAL
Cleaved Cell
DEAE-Cellulose
GAL gene
Mucopolysaccharidosis IV
Glucosaminidases

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