An epidemiological study of suspected rabies exposures and adherence to rabies post-exposure prophylaxis in Eastern Thailand, 2015

PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Onphirul YurachaiRyan M Wallace


Human rabies is a notifiable condition in Thailand, and 46 confirmed and probable cases were reported from 2010-2015; eleven were reported from Eastern Thailand. Although rabies is vaccine preventable, more than 90% of persons who died of rabies in Thailand either did not receive or inappropriately discontinued post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP). In 2012 Thailand launched a national animal rabies elimination program with the goal of elimination by 2020. One of the policies of this national program is to improve detection of animal rabies exposures, access to PEP, and adherence to vaccine schedules. To achieve this goal, several hospital-based electronic PEP surveillance systems have been instituted throughout Thailand. Data from a voluntary, electronic hospital-based, rabies exposure and PEP surveillance system was analyzed from eight provinces in Eastern Thailand for the time period January 1 -December 31, 2015. The surveillance system collects data from all persons who present to an R36-integrated healthcare facility with a suspected rabies exposure, including characteristics of the biting animals, categorization of the rabies exposure, and adherence to PEP recommendations. The crude rate of healthcare seeking for a suspected ra...Continue Reading


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