Oct 8, 2014

Purine metabolism regulates DNA repair and therapy resistance in glioblastoma

bioRxiv
Anne-Christine MupepeleDaniel R Wahl

Abstract

Intratumoral genomic heterogeneity in glioblastoma (GBM) is a barrier to overcoming therapy resistance, and new strategies that are effective independent of genotype are urgently needed. By correlating intracellular metabolite levels with radiation resistance across dozens of genomically-distinct models of GBM, we found that purine metabolites strongly correlated with radiation resistance. Inhibiting purine, but not pyrimidine, synthesis radiosensitized GBM cells and patient-derived neurospheres by impairing DNA repair in a nucleoside-dependent fashion. Likewise, administration of exogenous purine nucleosides protected sensitive GBM models from radiation by promoting DNA repair. Combining an FDA-approved inhibitor of de novo purine synthesis with radiation arrested growth in GBM xenograft models and depleted intratumoral guanylates. High expression of the rate-limiting enzyme of de novo GTP synthesis was associated with shorter survival in GBM patients. Together, these findings indicate that inhibiting de novo purine synthesis may be a promising strategy to overcome therapy resistance in this genomically heterogeneous disease.

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