An evidence for the equilibrium unfolding intermediates of ribonuclease A by tritium labeling method

International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
Aleftina V VolynskayaVitalii I Goldanskii

Abstract

A formation of a molten globule in the unfolding of ribonuclease A could be considered as an evidence supporting a hypothesis on the existence of such intermediates on the pathway of a protein folding. Using a novel technique (tritium labeling method) we have showed that the ribonuclease A equilibrium unfolding in urea and guanidinium chloride (GuCl) solutions proceeds through a formation of intermediates whose properties (compactness, retention of the larger part hydrophobic core, secondary structure, and native-like folding pattern) correspond to the fundamental characteristics of the molten globule state. The both intermediates are the "wet" molten globules (the globule interior contains the water molecules). The results reveal the noticeable distinctions in intermediates structure, first of all, in the extent of their compactness. The urea intermediate is less compact than that in GuCl. It is shown that the refolding of the protein denatured by GuCl results in the formation of the intermediate which enzyme activity is virtually the same as the activity of the native protein.

References

Jun 1, 1993·Proteins·D T Haynie, E Freire
Mar 31, 1999·Trends in Biochemical Sciences·R L Baldwin, G D Rose
May 16, 2000·Nature·D Baker

Related Concepts

Pancreas
Protein Conformation
Protein Denaturation
Pancreatic ribonuclease
Tritium
Carmol
Protein Conformation, beta-Strand
Protein Folding, Globular
Lithium Chloride
Guanidine Sulfite (1: 1)

Trending Feeds

COVID-19

Coronaviruses encompass a large family of viruses that cause the common cold as well as more serious diseases, such as the ongoing outbreak of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19; formally known as 2019-nCoV). Coronaviruses can spread from animals to humans; symptoms include fever, cough, shortness of breath, and breathing difficulties; in more severe cases, infection can lead to death. This feed covers recent research on COVID-19.

Genetic Screens in iPSC-derived Brain Cells

Genetic screening is a critical tool that can be employed to define and understand gene function and interaction. This feed focuses on genetic screens conducted using induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived brain cells. It also follows CRISPR-Cas9 approaches to generating genetic mutants as a means of understanding the effect of genetics on phenotype.

Alzheimer's Disease: MS4A

Variants within the membrane-spanning 4-domains subfamily A (MS4A) gene cluster have recently been implicated in Alzheimer's disease in genome-wide association studies. Here is the latest research on Alzheimer's disease and MS4A.

Pediculosis pubis

Pediculosis pubis is a disease caused by a parasitic insect known as Pthirus pubis, which infests human pubic hair, as well as other areas with hair including eye lashes. Here is the latest research.

Chronic Fatigue Syndrome

Chronic fatigue syndrome is a disease characterized by unexplained disabling fatigue; the pathology of which is incompletely understood. Discover the latest research on chronic fatigue syndrome here.

Rh Isoimmunization

Rh isoimmunization is a potentially preventable condition that occasionally is associated with significant perinatal morbidity or mortality. Discover the latest research on Rh Isoimmunization here.

Pharmacology of Proteinopathies

This feed focuses on the pharmacology of proteinopathies - diseases in which proteins abnormally aggregate (i.e. Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s, etc.). Discover the latest research in this field with this feed.

Enzyme Evolution

This feed focuses on molecular models of enzyme evolution and new approaches (such as adaptive laboratory evolution) to metabolic engineering of microorganisms. Here is the latest research.

Alignment-free Sequence Analysis Tools

Alignment-free sequence analyses have been applied to problems ranging from whole-genome phylogeny to the classification of protein families, identification of horizontally transferred genes, and detection of recombined sequences. Here is the latest research.