PMID: 902245Sep 1, 1977

An experimental study of mummification pertinent to the antiquity of cancer

M R Zimmerman


The relatively recent description in scientific literature of many types of cancer suggests their infrequency until the relatively recent past, a view supported by the paucity of diagnoses of malignancies in ancient remains. While overall life span was short in antiquity, many individuals did live to the "cancer age," as there is ample evidence of a variety of degenerative disorders. It has been suggested that tumors are not well enough preserved for diagnosis, and tumors experimentally mummified and rehydrated were evaluated as to their preservation. It was found that cancers were actually better preserved than normal tissues. The absence of tumors in ancient tissues must be considered a reflection of a markedly lower incidence than in the modern population of the Lnited States, in which cancer accounts for approximately 17% of all deaths. It is suggested that this increase in cancer is due to factors in the modern industrialized environment.


Sep 1, 1972·American Journal of Physical Anthropology·M R Zimmerman
Jan 1, 1970·The New England Journal of Medicine·D E Redmond
May 1, 1966·Cancer·O Urteaga, G T Pack
Jan 1, 1962·Medical History·A T SANDISON


Oct 1, 1990·Journal of Biotechnology·M M Chu, A Chiu
Sep 4, 2010·Nature Reviews. Cancer·A Rosalie David, M R Zimmerman
May 22, 2004·Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology·Eve Judith Lowenstein
Jan 1, 1987·American Journal of Physical Anthropology·R WalkerJ H McKerrow
Sep 1, 1988·Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, and Oral Pathology·D R SawyerM J Allison
Sep 1, 1984·International Journal of Dermatology·F L Speck, R G Wheeland
Jun 23, 2012·Pathobiology : Journal of Immunopathology, Molecular and Cellular Biology·Gino Fornaciari, Valentina Giuffra
Dec 22, 1998·American Journal of Physical Anthropology·M R ZimmermanR S Wade
Nov 30, 2007·American Journal of Physical Anthropology·Niels Lynnerup
Oct 1, 1980·Journal of Biosocial Science·L L Klepinger

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