The histone deacetylase complex MiDAC regulates a neurodevelopmental gene expression program

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
B. MondalHans-Martin Herz

Abstract

MiDAC is a recently identified histone deacetylase (HDAC) complex. While other HDAC complexes have been implicated in neurogenesis, the physiological role of MiDAC remains unknown. Here, we show that MiDAC constitutes an important regulator of neural differentiation. We demonstrate that MiDAC functions as a modulator of a neurodevelopmental gene expression program and binds to important regulators of neurite outgrowth. MiDAC upregulates gene expression by mediating the removal of H4K20ac on the promoters and enhancers of pro-neural genes such as those encoding the secreted ligands SLIT3 and NETRIN1 (NTN1). Conversely, MiDAC inhibits gene expression by reducing H3K27ac on promoter-proximal and -distal elements of negative regulators of neurogenesis. Furthermore, loss of MiDAC results in neurite outgrowth defects that can be rescued by supplementation with SLIT3 and/or NTN1 indicating a crucial role for MiDAC in regulating the ligands of the SLIT3 and NTN1 signaling axes to ensure the proper integrity of neurite development.

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