An extra X chromosome effect on craniofacial morphogenesis in men

European Journal of Orthodontics
M BabićS Mićić

Abstract

A comparative study of the craniofacial complex in men with an extra X chromosome, and normal male and female individuals was carried out using cephalometric radiography. The anterior cranial base, anterior and posterior facial height, maxillary base and ascending ramus were found to be significantly decreased in men with Klinefelter syndrome when compared to the male control group. Significant differences in the lengths of mandibular base and posterior cranial base were not found. When compared to the female control, all structures examined were significantly increased, except for the maxillary base.

Citations

Feb 6, 2008·Clinical Oral Investigations·Ivana ScepanMarko Babic
Sep 25, 2012·Clinical Oral Investigations·Jovana JuloskiMarko Babic
Feb 11, 2000·Archives of Oral Biology·M GrönL Alvesalo
Feb 1, 1993·Archives of Oral Biology·M BabićM Mićić
Nov 28, 2009·Archives of Oral Biology·J DumancicH Brkic
Aug 1, 1997·Archives of Oral Biology·M GrönL Alvesalo
Jan 30, 2016·Clinical Anatomy : Official Journal of the American Association of Clinical Anatomists & the British Association of Clinical Anatomists·Rebecca J Bird, Bradley J Hurren
Sep 17, 2010·Expert Review of Molecular Diagnostics·Jacques C Giltay, Merel C Maiburg

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