An immunomodulatory arabinomannan extracted from Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Z-100, restores the balance of Th1/Th2 cell responses in tumor bearing mice

Immunology Letters
H OkaK Nomoto


The regulatory effect of Z-100 on the balance of Th1/Th2 cell responses in BALB/c mice bearing Meth-A fibrosarcoma was investigated. In tumor bearing mice, Th1 cytokine production (IL-2, IFN-gamma) are suppressed and Th2 cytokine production (IL-4, IL-10) are increased, as compared with those of normal mice. The administration of Z-100 (10 mg/kg) to tumor bearing mice restored the balance of Th1/Th2 cell responses from Th2 dominant state to the normal state. This regulatory effect of Z-100 was eliminated by depletion of adherent cells from splenocytes derived from tumor bearing mice, and by the treatment with 2-ClAdo (a macrophage inhibitor). Similarly, this regulatory effect was diminished by the treatment with anti-IL-12 mAb and anti-IFN-gamma mAb. In addition, the IL-12 p40 mRNA expression in splenic adherent cells and IFN-gamma mRNA expression in CD4+ T cells were increased by the administration of Z-100 to tumor bearing mice. These results suggested that Z-100 restored the balance of Th1/Th2 cell responses to the normal one in tumor bearing mice through the activation of macrophages and up-regulation of IL-12 production from macrophages and IFN-gamma production from CD4+ T cells.


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