An improved culture protocol for the differentiation and survival of human promyelocytic leukaemia PLB-985 cell-line into mature neutrophil-like granulocytes

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
S. ShaayauSteven W Edwards


Circulating blood neutrophils are short-lived, lack proliferation capacity and cannot be transfected in vitro to express exogenous genes or proteins. These properties have made the ex vivo genetic manipulation of neutrophils challenging and hindered biochemical and molecular studies investigating the function of specific genes and proteins. Improved methodology for differentiating cell lines into mature neutrophil-like phenotypes, with similar morphological and functional properties to blood neutrophils would, therefore, be an important tool to probe the molecular properties of mature cells. The PLB-985 cell line was cultured in RPMI-1640 medium supplemented foetal calf serum (FCS) and penicillin/streptomycin. For induction of differentiation into neutrophil-like cells, the medium was supplemented with sodium pyruvate, N, N-dimethylformamide (DMF) and all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA), FCS and penicillin/streptomycin. The cytokines G-CSF and GM-CSF were used to enhance differentiation, prolong viability and delay the progression of the differentiated cells into apoptosis. The modified culture protocol and conditions induced PLB-985 cells to differentiate into mature, neutrophil-like granulocytes that resembled the morphology of ma...Continue Reading

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