Apr 26, 2020

Phytotoxin synthesis genes and type III effector genes of Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae biovar 6 are regulated by culture conditions

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
K. HiroseTakashi Fujikawa

Abstract

The kiwifruit bacterial canker (Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae; Psa) causes severe damage to kiwifruit production worldwide. Psa biovar 6 (Psa6), which was isolated in Japan in 2015, produces two types of phytotoxins: coronatine and phaseolotoxin. To date, no other phytopathogenic bacteria are known to produce two phytotoxins. To elucidate the unique virulence of Psa6, we performed transcriptomic analysis of phytotoxin synthesis genes and type III effector genes in in vitro cultivation using various media. The genes related to phytotoxin synthesis and effectors of Psa6 were strictly regulated in the coronatine-inducing mediums (HS and HSC); 14 of 23 effector genes and a hrpL sigma factor gene were induced at 3 h after transferring to the media (early-inducible genes), and phytotoxin synthesis genes such as argD of phaseolotoxin and cfl of coronatine were induced at 6 and 12 h after transferring to the media (late-inducible genes). In contrast, induction of these genes was not observed in the hrp-inducing medium. Next, to examine whether the changes in gene expression in different media is specific to Psa6, we investigated gene expression in other related bacteria. For Psa biovar 1 (Psa1), biovar 3 (Psa3), and P. s. pv. gly...Continue Reading

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Mentioned in this Paper

Vertebrates
Computer Software
Analysis Using Pyrosequencing
CD4+ CD25+ Regulatory T Cells
Tandem Repeat Sequences
Genome
Genes
Genome Assembly Sequence
Nucleic Acid Sequencing
Promoter

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