PMID: 8271198Sep 1, 1993Paper

An in vitro study of the properties of single vagal afferents innervating guinea-pig airways

The Journal of Physiology
A J FoxA Dray


1. A novel preparation of the trachea and main bronchi with attached vagus nerve from the guinea-pig maintained in vitro was used to study the properties of single vagal afferent nerve fibres with identified receptive fields. 2. Recordings were made from twenty-eight C fibres with a mean conduction velocity of 0.9 +/- 0.1 m s-1 and twenty-four A delta fibres with a mean conduction velocity of 8.4 +/- 1.3 m s-1. Receptive fields for C and A delta fibres were of small diameter, distributed throughout the trachea and right bronchus and possessed very low mechanical thresholds of 2.2 +/- 0.4 and 1.1 +/- 0.3 mN respectively. 3. The chemosensitivity of isolated afferents was studied by applying drugs directly onto identified receptive fields. A delta fibres were insensitive to capsaicin (up to 3 microM), bradykinin (3 microM), histamine (10 microM) and 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT; 10 microM) applied for up to 1 min. Histamine (10 microM), 5-HT (10 microM) and m-chlorophenylbiguanide (10 microM) were also ineffective in exciting C fibres. 4. Capsaicin, at concentrations ranging from 30 nM to 3 microM, evoked a sustained firing of all C fibres tested when applied for a period of 30 s directly onto receptive fields. Bradykinin (0.1-1 micr...Continue Reading


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