Jan 15, 1976

An intracellular endonuclease of Bacillus subtilis specific for single-stranded DNA

European Journal of Biochemistry
G CiarrocchiA Falaschi

Abstract

We have fractionated from extracts of Bacillus subtilis the DNase activity specific for single-stranded DNA; the activity separates in two main fractions on Sephadex G-200, a larger one (Mr greater than 400 000) and a smaller one (Mr approximately 30 000). We have purified the smaller, more abundant fraction nearly 3000-fold. The purified enzyme has a pH optimum close to 8, is activated by Ca2+, and is inhibited by EDTA; the enzyme hydrolyses single-stranded DNA at a rate approximately 40 times greater than double-stranded DNA. The mode of action is endonucleolytic on both substrates, but the possiblility that the two activities may reside on different molecules is not ruled out. The products have 5'-P and 3'-OH ends. The enzyme is different from those purified from the culture media of the same organism in several respects; the latter are all extracellular enzymes, they are not specific for single-stranded DNA (except one) and have all an exonucleolytic mode of action.

Mentioned in this Paper

Calcium
Endonuclease
Alkaline DNase
Slow-K
Natto Bacteria
Chloromercuribenzoates
Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
Enzyme Activation
Magnesium
Osmolality

About this Paper

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