Jul 27, 2000

An investigation of the dentition of parents of children with cleft lip and palate

The Cleft Palate-craniofacial Journal : Official Publication of the American Cleft Palate-Craniofacial Association
S HariaR Sanders

Abstract

The aim of this investigation was to identify whether any dental features in parents of children with cleft lip and palate can be useful as predictors of clefting. The dentition of 28 pairs of parents of children with complete unilateral (17) and bilateral (11) cleft lip and palate and 21 pairs of parents of noncleft children were evaluated. Clinical and radiographic examinations were carried out to identify abnormalities of tooth number and morphology. Study cast assessment was undertaken to evaluate incisor relationship, overjet, overbite, intercanine widths, and mesiodistal widths of individual teeth, and these data were subjected to statistical analysis. The prevalence of abnormalities of tooth number in parents of cleft children was similar to those reported elsewhere for general populations. In parents of children with unilateral clefts, there was no tooth-size asymmetry between teeth on the side corresponding to the child's cleft and noncleft sides, respectively. No differences were found in tooth widths and intercanine widths between parents of children with unilateral clefts and parents of children with bilateral clefts. The incisor relationship, overjet, overbite, and intercanine widths were found not to differ statis...Continue Reading

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Citations

Mentioned in this Paper

Overjet, Dental
Science of Morphology
Cleft Palate, Isolated
Craniometry
Dental Arch Structure
Step-parent
Cleft Palate With Cleft Lip
Cleft Lip
Incisor
Future

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