PMID: 8477278Jan 1, 1993Paper

An investigation of the influence of dieting and self-esteem on dietary disinhibition

The International Journal of Eating Disorders
K L Eldredge


Recent research on the eating behavior of restrained eaters following a dietary preload indicates that both dieting and self-esteem may influence consumption. While Polivy, Heatherton, and Herman (Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 97, 354-356, 1988) found a forced preload to lead to increased consumption by low self-esteem restrained eaters, Lowe, Whitlow, and Bellwoar (International Journal of Eating Disorders, 10, 461-471, 1991) found restrained dieters to decrease their consumption following a dietary preload. The current study was designed to investigate the influences of self-esteem and dieting on the eating behavior of restrained eaters while in a negative mood state. Subjects were 80 normal weight undergraduate women in a 2 x 2 x 2 design (Restrained/Unrestrained by Success/Failure by Low Self-Esteem/High Self-Esteem). Current dieting, though not self-esteem, was found to influence consumption. Restrained dieters consumed significantly less in a negative mood state than when in a positive mood state, while nondieters, irrespective of restraint status, consumed comparable amounts in both mood states.


Apr 1, 1977·Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology·J A Hibscher, C P Herman
Oct 1, 1976·Physiology & Behavior·J RodinG A Bray
Dec 1, 1975·Journal of Abnormal Psychology·C P Herman, J Polivy
Dec 1, 1975·Journal of Personality·C P Herman, D Mack
Jan 1, 1991·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·T F HeathertonJ Polivy
Aug 1, 1990·Journal of Abnormal Psychology·D E SchotteR J McNally
Nov 1, 1989·The British Journal of Clinical Psychology·D J Charnock
Aug 1, 1988·Journal of Abnormal Psychology·J PolivyC P Herman
Jun 1, 1988·Appetite·M R Lowe, E I Kleifield
Feb 1, 1988·Journal of Abnormal Psychology·J Wardle, S Beales
Aug 1, 1987·Journal of Abnormal Psychology·C P HermanT F Heatherton
Feb 1, 1985·Journal of Abnormal Psychology·A J Ruderman
May 1, 1983·Journal of Abnormal Psychology·A J Ruderman, H Christensen
Jan 1, 1982·Behaviour Research and Therapy·R O FrostF A Blanchard
Sep 1, 1981·Journal of Personality and Social Psychology·D H Baucom, P A Aiken
Jun 1, 1961·Archives of General Psychiatry·A T BECKJ ERBAUGH
Oct 1, 1963·Journal of Psychosomatic Research·H J EYSENCK
Apr 1, 1965·Psychological Reports·M ZUCKERMAN, B LUBIN

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Jan 30, 1999·The International Journal of Eating Disorders·K J Rotenberg, D Flood
Jun 12, 2003·Appetite·Machteld A OuwensCees P F van der Staak
Mar 6, 2004·Eating Behaviors·Justin KenardySasha Moor
Jun 9, 2004·The British Journal of Nutrition·Véronique ProvencherUNKNOWN Québec Family Study

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