An optimized live bacterial delivery platform for the production and delivery of therapeutic nucleic acids and proteins

BioRxiv : the Preprint Server for Biology
D. S. O. MoraLyndsey Linke

Abstract

There is an unmet need for delivery platforms that realize the full potential of next-generation therapeutic and vaccine technologies, especially those that require intracellular delivery of nucleic acids. The in vivo usefulness of the current state-of-the-art delivery systems is limited by numerous intrinsic weaknesses, including lack of targeting specificity, inefficient entry and endosomal escape into target cells, undesirable immune activation, off-target effects, a small therapeutic window, limited genetic encoding and cargo capacity, and manufacturing challenges. Here we present our characterization of a delivery platform based on the use of engineered live, tissue-targeting, non-pathogenic bacteria (Escherichia coli strain SVC1) for intracellular cargo delivery. The SVC1 bacteria are engineered to specifically bind to epithelial cells via a surface-expressed targeting ligand, to escape the endosome upon intracellularization, and to have minimal immunogenicity. Here we report findings on key features of this system. First, we demonstrated that bacterial delivery of a short hairpin RNA (shRNA) can target and silence a gene in an in vitro mammalian respiratory cell model. Next, we used an in vivo mouse model to demonstrate ...Continue Reading

Methods Mentioned

BETA
PCR
electrophoresis
genetic modifications
nuclear translocation

Software Mentioned

Gene Globe

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